"What we're learning from online education" (2012) Daphne Koller (co-founder with andrew Ng of Coursera) https://www.ted.com/talks/daphne_koller_what_we_re_learning_from_online_education?referrer=playlist-re_imagining_school#t-401494

  • from a privleged background (3rd generation PhD
  • vs. other education systems (South African example)
  • Uni Johannasburg crisis
  • 1000s line up for spots, 1 died, 20 people injured in stampede l joklp;oo.[]'\lop;[=] \'9/;[' ][ 'ΓΈΒΊ"[]['_" ]? Inaccessible
  • rising costs of education today (x2 health care)
  • unaffordable for many
  • 1/2 college grads work in field
  • Tom Friedman "Big Breakthroughs happen when what is suddenly possible meets what is desperately necessary" May 15, 2012 NYT

Using Technology - Stanford classess 100k + enrollment when public - Machine Learning Class 400 people at Stanford (250 year equivalent) - goal to provide for free the best courses, from best instructors, best uni's - scale up! provide education to the world through Coursera platform - 190 countries, 640k students, 1.5 million enrollments, 14 million videos viewed

  • accessibility examples of personal stories

Flexibility - course components (break up material in modules, 8-12 minutes) - students move at own pace, prep material, or enrichment opportunities - break away from one size fits all, adaptable to student needs - not just passive, opportunities to practice, retreval practices improved - built in retrieval opportunties (questions embeded in videos) - feedback provided through technology - tech used for grading math, models, assignments etc.

Humanities? critical thinking? - solution - peer grading strategies and self-assessment - strategies for grading on scale also useful learning strategies - creates large community, quick responses from students around the world - self-assembled into study groups

Technology to solve - opportunities from framework data collection unique (every click etc.) - way to study human learning - good learning strategies, address misconceptions, see patterns, and adapt - Bloom's 2 Sigma Problem - Lecture, Mastery Learning, Individual Tutoring - use technology to solve (access to device to learn)

Universities obsolete? - Mark Twain "College is a place where a professor's lecture notes go straight to the students lecture notes with out passign through the brains of either." - really about the lecture-based format - Plutarch "The mind is not a vessel that needs filling, but wood that needs igniting." - Active learning in the classroom - imporves attendance, engagment, learning

3 things from top quality education available online 1. education a fundamental human right 2. enable life long learning (expand minds or change lives) 3. enable wave of innovation (talent anywhere)