2 0 2 5


FEBRUARY 27:
> Europa Clipper Mars gravity assist.

FEBRUARY:
> JUICE Mars flyby.

FEBRUARY:
= Planned launch of IMAP (Interstellar Mapping And Acceleration Probe) to the Sun-Earth L1 point.

AUGUST:
> MMX (Martian Moons eXploration mission) arrives in Mars orbit, it will land on Phobos a few months later to take samples of the Martian moon to return to Earth.

AUGUST:
> Possible launch of Russia's Luna 27 Luna Resurs Lander (South pole lander) to the Moon's south pole on a Soyuz 2.1b.

SEPTEMBER:
* Possible launch of the Roman Infrared Space Telescope.

OCTOBER 23:
* Possible launch of the Spektr-UV / World Space Observatory - UV (WSO-UV) on an Angara A5M rocket from Vostochny.

DECEMBER 05:
> The ESA/JAXA Bepi-Colombo mission will arrive at Mercury.
The Mercury Transfer Module will deploy the European Mercury Planetary Orbiter and the Japanese Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter.

2025 - T.B.D.:
% Possible first uncrewed test flight of the British Skylon SSTO spaceplane.

> South Korea hopes to launch a lunar lander.

+# Japan's JAXA hopes to start flying a manned version of the HTV spacecraft.

- Possible first launch of India's Avatar reusable spaceplane.

+> Possible manned SLS mission carrying the DSG Logistic Module & Canadian robotic arm.

> NASA's Lucy probe will encounter a main-belt asteroid.

%> Unmanned SpaceX Starship landing on Mars.

> Delivery of the expendable ascent element for Artemis 3.

> Delivery of the expendable transfer element for Artemis 3.

> Delivery of the expendable descent element for Artemis 3.

+> possible SLS block 1 (+EUS) / Artemis 3 Orion MPCV launch carrying a 4-person to the Moon.
The crew will transfer to a Lunar Lander and fly to the Moon's south pole.
The EUS (Exploration Upper Stage) is powered by 4 Aerojet Rocketdyne RL10 engines.

* Planned launch of COSI (Compton Spectrometer and Imager) into geocentric Low Earth orbit.